miércoles, 8 de diciembre de 2010

The task of teaching Values

A value is the assumption of which can be the basis for ethical action. A value system is a set of consistent values and measures. A principle value is a foundation upon which other values and measures of integrity are based. Those values which are not physiologically determined and normally considered objective, such as a desire to avoid physical pain, seek pleasure, etc., are considered subjective, vary across individuals and cultures and are in many ways aligned with belief and belief systems. Types of values include ethical/moral values, doctrinal/ideological (religious, political) values, social values, and aesthetic values. It is debated whether some values which aren't clearly physiologically determined are intrinsic such as altruism and whether some such as acquisitiveness should be valued as vices or virtues. Values have typically been studied in sociology; anthropology; social psychology; moral philosophy and business ethics.

In Education the purpose of values is to develop integral human beings, who can be prepared to live in a culture, time and place according to their beliefs and convictions.
Values are an integral part of every culture. With worldview and personality, they generate behavior. Being part of a culture that shares a common core set of values creates expectations and predictability without which a culture would disintegrate and its members would lose their personal identity and sense of worth. Values tell people what is good, beneficial, important, useful, beautiful, desirable, constructive...etc. They answer the question of why people do what they do. Values help people solve common human problems for survival. Over time, they become the roots of traditions that groups of people find important in their day-to-day lives.

At schools it is important that teachers consider 3 important elements at the time of teaching values:
1. Knowledge of the students- A value can be learnt if it's in agreement to the student background.
2. Knowledge of the content- The teacher must prepare the class and must look for a material/resource to teach it (movie, story, skit, etc).
3. Selection of a teaching procedure- The teacher must choose a class dynamic or teachung technique.
Finally, it is important to do the evaluation and feedback at the end of the session to corroborate that everything was understood.

No hay comentarios:

Publicar un comentario